History Of Bahawalpur State

                                                Map Of Bahawalpur

Bahawalpur is located in South Punjab at a distance of 629 km from Islamabad. According to the 2019 census, its population is around 2.5 million.

                                             Farid Gate

Bahawalpur has its own ancient history. In 1727, Sadiq Muhammad Khan I Abbasi conquered Bahawalpur. At that time his capital was made “Allahabad”…… which was about 20 km from Liaquatpur. In 1739, Sadiq Muhammad Khan I Abbasi was given the title of Nawab by Nadir Shah Durrani. In 1748, Bahawalpur was settled from Allahabad and in 1774 Allahabad was made Bahawalpur the capital.

                                         Noor Mahal


In 1867, the Department of Health and Dispensaries were established. In 1878, a one-and-a-half-kilometer railway bridge was built over the river Sutlej. In 1886, the foundation of “Asi E College” was laid. In 1892, the Jubilee Hospital was built in Bahawalpur to commemorate the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria’s reign. In 1911, the first military hospital i.e. “Combined Military Hospital” (CMH) was built. In 1924, on the completion of Nawab’s fifth-grade education, powers were assigned to Viceroy Nawab.

                                     Sadiq Garh Palace

Bahawalpur’s biggest library “Central Library” was built in 1924. In 1926, “Taiba College” was established here. In this hospital, free medicines were given to all the students of Bahawalpur.

                                     Central Library


In 1928, a bridge was built on the river Sutlej and along with it the establishment of “Head Selmanki”, “Head Islam” and “Head Panjand” was also implemented. In 1930 Victoria Hospital was extended. In 1938, the first X-ray department was also established here.

                           Bahawalpu Victoria Hospital

Thus Islamia University Bahawalpur was established in 1925. The first name of this university was “Al-Sadiq College”. Quaid-e-Azam was the legal adviser of Bahawalpur from 1927 till the establishment of Pakistan.

                                            Islamia University 

In 1935, the foundation of “Jami Masjid Al-Sadiq” was laid here… in which the famous poet Ghulam Mohammad Gho Town used to offer Friday prayers till his death.

In 1943, Azizur Rahman first translated the words of Khawaja Ghulam Farid into Saraiki, which was published at the official level.

                                          Darbar Mahal


The state of Bahawalpur was merged into Pakistan on October 7, 1947. After 1952, anyone belonging to Bahawalpur who went for Hajj, if he was a government employee, would be given three months’ salary in advance. Also, his stay and food in Saudi Arabia would be under the responsibility of the Bahawalpur government.

“Para Medical College” was established in Bahawalpur in 1952.


In 1954, “Sadiq Public School” was built with an area of ​​450 acres. It also has the honor of being the largest school in Asia.

                                    Sadiq Public School

From the reign of Nawab Bahawalpur till 1960, it was strongly disliked for men to go out bare-headed. The Turkish cap was common at that time. The silk produced in Bahawalpur in the 19th century has been popular worldwide for its uniqueness. “Gour Nar House Lahore”, “King Edward Medical College Lahore”, “Aitchison College Lahore” Jama Masjid, Hostel, and GUR are the buildings settled by Nawab Sadiq V. Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan I made Bahawalpur a part of Jaisalmer State, freed from the Bikaner Kalhodars. He also conquered Shikarpur, Larkana, Seistan, and Hyderabad from the Sikhs in Sindh.

                                         Drawer Fort



This is the Bahawalpur whose Nawab annexed it to Pakistan and helped Pakistan financially and yesterday the first salary of Pakistan was paid by the state of Bahawalpur.

Last Ruler of Bahawalpur State Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan Fifth

The colors of Bahawalpur state are still present today. A large number of students study here in schools, colleges, and universities. People here are hardworking and hardworking.

                                     Gulzar Mahal

The real beauty of Bahawalpur lies in its ancient buildings. The lands here are cultivable. Open roads, smooth roads, and well-built houses add to the beauty of this city. Traffic congestion is not a problem here at all. The people here are also nice.

The standard of cleanliness in Bahawalpur is worth seeing. Especially the educational institutions here are worth seeing

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